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Publications of year 2019
Theses
  1. Maxime Maheu. Perceiving regularity in sequences: Behavioural, neural and computational signatures. PhD thesis, Université Paris Descartes, 2019.
    Abstract: As human beings, we can understand spoken language, recognize the opening bars of Beethoven's 5th Symphony, notice the tide-induced fluctuations of the level of the ocean, predict the color of traffic lights, and identify many more of the ubiquitous temporal regularities that characterize our daily environment. How does the human brain detect, identify, process and leverage those regularities in spite of their striking diversity? In this dissertation, I studied the mechanisms through which the human brain acquires knowledge of sequences and of regularities they may entail. To do so, I recorded behavioural and neural responses to auditory binary sequences characterized by various types of regularities. In parallel, I derived mathematical models of sequence processing that rest upon normative principles of probabilistic inference, but that are yet characterized by different computational architectures, and used human data to arbitrate among them. Using this same general approach, I investigated three different facets of the human sensitivity to sequences. Firstly, I demonstrated that a simple machinery for inferring transition structures between sequence items supports various aspects of the human perception of sequences encountered in seemingly disparate studies. Secondly, I then found that this learning algorithm was implemented in distinct brain systems which extracted statistical trends over different timescales, thereby providing a mechanistic explanation for the human sensitivity to both global statistical biases and to the recent history of observations. In addition to statistical learning, humans also possess the ability to quickly detect and identify deterministic rules. Thirdly, I showed that statistics and rules correspond to two distinct hypothesis spaces, instead of a continuum; and that human subjects could rationally arbitrate among them given the observed sequence. Altogether, my investigations of the cognitive foundations, computational principles and neural architectures supporting sequence processing suggest that the human brain is equipped with several systems that conform to normative principles of probabilistic inference but that are specialized in different aspects of sequences, thereby providing a putative explanation for the human perception of a vast repertoire of temporal regularities.
    [bibtex-entry]


Book chapters
  1. Stanislas Dehaene. Human Singularity and Symbolic Tree Structures. In The Neocortex, volume 27, pages 294-310. W. Singer, T. J. Sejnowski and P. Rakic, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


Articles in journals
  1. Fosca Al Roumi, Dror Dotan, Tianming Yang, Liping Wang, and Stanislas Dehaene. Acquisition and processing of an artificial mini-language combining semantic and syntactic elements. Cognition, 185:49--61, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  2. Marie Amalric and Stanislas Dehaene. A distinct cortical network for mathematical knowledge in the human brain. NeuroImage, 189:19--31, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  3. Lucie Berkovitch and Stanislas Dehaene. Subliminal syntactic priming. Cognitive psychology, 109:26--46, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  4. Shohini Bhattasali, Murielle Fabre, Wen-Ming Luh, Hazem Al Saied, Matthieu Constant, Christophe Pallier, Jonathan Brennan, R. Nathan Spreng, and John Hale. Localising Memory Retrieval and Syntactic Composition: A fMRI study of naturalistic language comprehension. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2019. [WWW] [bibtex-entry]


  5. Valentina Borghesani, Marco Buiatti, Evelyn Eger, and Manuela Piazza. Conceptual and perceptual dimensions of word meaning are recovered rapidly and in parallel during reading. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 31(1):95--108, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  6. Valentina Borghesani, Maria Dolores de Hevia, Arnaud Viarouge, Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas, Evelyn Eger, and Manuela Piazza. Processing number and length in the parietal cortex: Sharing resources, not a common code. Cortex, 114:17--27, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  7. Florence Bouhali, Zoé Bézagu, Stanislas Dehaene, and Laurent Cohen. A mesial-to-lateral dissociation for orthographic processing in the visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(43):21936--21946, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  8. Elisa Castaldi, Manuela Piazza, Stanislas Dehaene, Alexandre Vignaud, and Evelyn Eger. Attentional amplification of neural codes for number independent of other quantities along the dorsal visual stream. eLife, 8, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  9. Elisa Castaldi, Alexandre Vignaud, and Evelyn Eger. Mapping numerical perception and operations in relation to functional and anatomical landmarks of human parietal cortex. bioRxiv, pp 602599, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  10. Athena Demertzi, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Stanislas Dehaene, Gustavo Deco, Pablo Barttfeld, Federico Raimondo, Charlotte Martial, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Benjamin Rohaut, HU Voss, and others. Human consciousness is supported by dynamic complex patterns of brain signal coordination. Science advances, 5(2):eaat7603, 2019. [WWW] [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  11. Moira R. Dillon, Marianne Duyck, Stanislas Dehaene, Marie Amalric, and Véronique Izard. Geometric categories in cognition.. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 45(9):1236-1247, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  12. Dror Dotan, Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas, Fosca Al Roumi, and Stanislas Dehaene. Track It to Crack It: Dissecting Processing Stages with Finger Tracking. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 23(12):1058 - 1070, 2019. [WWW] [PDF]
    Abstract: A central goal in cognitive science is to parse the series of processing stages underlying a cognitive task. A powerful yet simple behavioral method that can resolve this problem is finger trajectory tracking: by continuously tracking the finger position and speed as a participant chooses a response, and by analyzing which stimulus features affect the trajectory at each time point during the trial, we can estimate the absolute timing and order of each processing stage, and detect transient effects, changes of mind, serial versus parallel processing, and real-time fluctuations in subjective confidence. We suggest that trajectory tracking, which provides considerably more information than mere response times, may provide a comprehensive understanding of the fast temporal dynamics of cognitive operations.
    [bibtex-entry]


  13. Laetitia Grabot, Tadeusz W Kononowicz, Tom Dupré La Tour, Alexandre Gramfort, Valérie Doyčre, and Virginie Van Wassenhove. The Strength of Alpha--Beta Oscillatory Coupling Predicts Motor Timing Precision. Journal of Neuroscience, 39(17):3277--3291, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  14. Micha Heilbron and Florent Meyniel. Confidence resets reveal hierarchical adaptive learning in humans. PLoS computational biology, 15(4):e1006972, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  15. Claire Kabdebon and Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz. Symbolic labeling in 5-month-old human infants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(12):5805--5810, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  16. Daria La Rocca, Philippe Ciuciu, Denis-Alexander Engemann, and Virginie Van Wassenhove. Emergence of $\beta$ and $\gamma$ networks following multisensory training. bioRxiv, pp 560235, 2019. [WWW] [bibtex-entry]


  17. Yair Lakretz, German Kruszewski, Theo Desbordes, Dieuwke Hupkes, Stanislas Dehaene, and Marco Baroni. The emergence of number and syntax units in LSTM language models. arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.07435, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  18. Maxime Maheu, Stanislas Dehaene, and Florent Meyniel. Brain signatures of a multiscale process of sequence learning in humans. Elife, 8:e41541, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  19. Matthias Michel, Diane Beck, Ned Block, Hal Blumenfeld, Richard Brown, David Carmel, Marisa Carrasco, Mazviita Chirimuuta, Marvin Chun, Axel Cleeremans, and others. Opportunities and challenges for a maturing science of consciousness. Nature human behaviour, 3(2):104, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  20. Eric Moulton, Florence Bouhali, Karla Monzalvo, Cyril Poupon, Hui Zhang, Stanislas Dehaene, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, and Jessica Dubois. Connectivity between the visual word form area and the parietal lobe improves after the first year of reading instruction: a longitudinal MRI study in children. Brain Structure and Function, pp 1--18, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  21. Philippe Pinel, Baudouin Forgeot d'Arc, Stanislas Dehaene, Thomas Bourgeron, Bertrand Thirion, Denis Le Bihan, and Cyril Poupon. The functional database of the ARCHI project: Potential and perspectives. NeuroImage, 197:527--543, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  22. Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas, Manuela Piazza, and Stanislas Dehaene. Decoding the processing stages of mental arithmetic with magnetoencephalography. cortex, 114:124--139, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  23. Moti Salti, Asaf Harel, and Sébastien Marti. Conscious perception: Time for an update?. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 31(1):1--7, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  24. Mélanie Strauss and Stanislas Dehaene. Detection of arithmetic violations during sleep. Sleep, 42(3):zsy232, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  25. Jordy Tasserie, Antoine Grigis, Lynn Uhrig, Morgan Dupont, Alexis Amadon, and Béchir Jarraya. Pypreclin: An automatic pipeline for macaque functional MRI preprocessing. NeuroImage, pp 116353, 2019. [WWW] [bibtex-entry]


  26. Darinka Trübutschek, Sébastien Marti, and Stanislas Dehaene. Temporal-order information can be maintained in non-conscious working memory. Scientific reports, 9(1):6484, 2019. [bibtex-entry]


  27. Darinka Trübutschek, Sébastien Marti, Henrik Ueberschär, and Stanislas Dehaene. Probing the limits of activity-silent non-conscious working memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(28):14358--14367, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  28. Liping Wang, Marie Amalric, Wen Fang, Xinjian Jiang, Christophe Pallier, Santiago Figueira, Mariano Sigman, and Stanislas Dehaene. Representation of spatial sequences using nested rules in human prefrontal cortex. NeuroImage, 186:245--255, 2019. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


  29. Qi Zhu and Wim Vanduffel. Submillimeter fMRI reveals a layout of dorsal visual cortex in macaques, remarkably similar to New World monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(6):2306--2311, 2019. [WWW] [bibtex-entry]


Conference proceedings
  1. Yair Lakretz, German Kruszewski, Theo Desbordes, Dieuwke Hupkes, Stanislas Dehaene, and Marco Baroni. The emergence of number and syntax units in LSTM language models. In Proceedings of the 2019 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long and Short Papers), Minneapolis, Minnesota, pages 11--20, June 2019. Association for Computational Linguistics. [WWW] [PDF]
    Abstract: Recent work has shown that LSTMs trained on a generic language modeling objective capture syntax-sensitive generalizations such as long-distance number agreement. We have however no mechanistic understanding of how they accomplish this remarkable feat. Some have conjectured it depends on heuristics that do not truly take hierarchical structure into account. We present here a detailed study of the inner mechanics of number tracking in LSTMs at the single neuron level. We discover that long-distance number information is largely managed by two {``}number units{''}. Importantly, the behaviour of these units is partially controlled by other units independently shown to track syntactic structure. We conclude that LSTMs are, to some extent, implementing genuinely syntactic processing mechanisms, paving the way to a more general understanding of grammatical encoding in LSTMs.
    [bibtex-entry]


  2. Cassandra Potier Watkins, Olivier Dehaene, and Stanislas Dehaene. Automatic Construction of a Phonics Curriculum for Reading Education Using the Transformer Neural Network. In International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, pages 226--231, 2019. Springer. [PDF] [bibtex-entry]


Miscellaneous
  1. Lionel Naccache Jacobo Sitt , Jean-Remi King, Laurent Cohen and Stanislas Dehaene. Methods to monitor consciousness. Patent, 2019. [bibtex-entry]



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Last modified: Wed Oct 21 08:48:28 2020
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